Online Journal of Anthropology

Latin America

Murillo Colonizar el DolorTitle: Colonizar el Dolor: la interpelación ideológica del Banco Mundial en América Latina: el caso argentino desde Blumberg a Cromañón
Author: Murillo Susana
Pages: 364
Year: 2008
Publisher: CLACSO (Buenos Aires)
Print ISBN: 978-987118390-6









Susana Murillo, important Argentinean philosopher and sociologist presents his book Colonizing the Suffering where she examines painstakingly how the ideology is built by intervention of international financial-led organisms as World Bank and IMF. The financial hegemony of centre is granted by the loans that caused a great economic dependency. To accelerate the colonization, these organisms draw an ideology, disseminated by the media that points out on the corruption of state, its decline, or even its impossibility to protect the common-interests. Because of the failures of neo-liberalism to promote adjustments in Latin American states, during 90s decade, the disciplinary control have changed to a new discourse.

Now, industrial powers introduce a new need which consists to place citizenry over the sate. That way, elite constitutes disciplinary instrument of control that moulds not only public opinion but also social consciousness. These types of ideologies generate a great sentiment of distrust accompanied with a broad sentiment of abandonment that citizenry faces.

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Raventos Democratic Innovation SouthTitle: Democratic Innovation in the South. Participation and Representation in Asia, Africa & Latin America
Edited by: Ciska Raventós
Pages: 237
Year: 2008
Publisher: CLACSO
Series: South-South collection
Print ISBN: 978-987-1183-95-1









“Democratic innovation in the South” is a book edited by Ciska Raventós and participation of many authors, where the promises of democracy, the decline of trust in nation-state as well as the derived economic problems, which citizenry should face, are widely examined. Even if each chapter may be separately read, this text keeps a common thread according to two relevant aspects of politics, the representation of institutions and their commitment in the way of practising the politics. Although it is important to mention the recent process of democratization in Latin America and South has generated a place of inclusion and participation, univocally it seems to be still not enough.

The dichotomies of democracies and the social problems, which she generates, are some of the pending question this book tries to resolve. Some developing countries adopted democracy as primary option of government thinking their material asymmetries will be automatically solved. However, their situation not only has not been improved. Frequently, the implementation of economic policies is done ignoring the demands of citizens; in others, the role of citizens in this process is over-valorised.

Four sections encompasses this compilation, the first refers to the role of civil society in the processes of democratization and its impact on public space. Investigations conduced as Dagnino, Olvera and Panfichi, and Chaguaceda Noriega shows the needs of reconceptualising the importance of participation post dictatorships. The new movement faces serious challenges and problems at time of dialoguing with the former actors that forms the status-quo.  Rather, the second section explores the connection between democracy and social conflict.
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