Online Journal of Anthropology

 

Volume 15, Number 1, 2019

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Considerazioni di natura bioetica sulle circoncisioni maschili
by FRANCO VIVIANI

Unfortunately on a regular basis the newspapers refer to “homemade” ritual circumcisions with fatal results. Despite the seriousness of the problem, in our country the path to an unprejudiced understanding of ritual circumcision, overcoming economic and political interests, is still long. Many and not easy to be solved, in fact, are the bioethical problems that this practice raises, especially in this historical period in which xenophobia has arisen, and not only in Italy. The author hopes that the bioethical reflections contained in the present article, a synthesis deriving from various papers and conferences, can contribute to better clarifying the terms of the question.

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Ricamo tradizionale russo tra ortodossia sovietica e religione della Dea
by SANDRA BUSATTA

The subject of this article is about traditional Russian embroidery and, in particular, some figures that are interpreted as archaic female deities. Initially studied by Tsarist and Soviet archaeologists and ethnographers, it found a renewed interest among American scholars linked to the feminist world. Embroidery, however, distinct from the archaeological material, for many centuries after the fall of paganism in Russia, has remained a component of the life of the people and, therefore, underwent important changes. The particular political coloring of the works on traditional Russian embroidery has influenced the interpretations of their origin and development, precisely during a period that saw the disappearance, even violent, of the rural way of life that had produced the embroidered fabrics collected by intellectuals, aristocrats, as well as Soviet officials, who transformed a family product into a commodity and then into a museum object detached from its context and transformed into a symbol of the ‘authentic’ Russian soul

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La frombola presso i celti. Dalla frombola di cortaillod ai proiettili nei siti lateniani,
con comparazione delle fonti storiche.

by MASSIMILIANO VISALBERGHI WIESELBERGER

Un breve studio sulla foggia dell’elmo di tipo Negau, nelle sua foggia vetulonica e volterrana, in base al confronto con alcuni bronzetti; e dalla comparazione di reperti archeologici, nella comprensione della sua funzionalità d’utilizzo bellico.Vengono qui presentati, inoltre alcuni interessanti dati resi dalla ricostruzone sperimentale.

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Gli elmi Negau avevano le paragnatidi?
by MASSIMILIANO VISALBERGHI WIESELBERGER and GUALTIERO LA FRATTA

A small essay providing informations on the usage of sling by Celtic People,with comparison of archaeological datas and ancient sources.

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Esperimento di storie di vita ed etnografia del pensiero: interviste ad alcuni militanti dei movimenti per il diritto all’abitare
by CLAUDIO RIGA

The following article is a reformulation of a fieldwork conducted in the spring of 2016 in Rome, among a group of political militants of the extra-parliamentary left. The objective of the research has been to analyze the thought of nine of them, concerning issues related to squatting and social movements involved in the topic house rights. The aim is to demonstrate if the initial hypothesis derived from the literature review find correspondence in the life experiences of the interviewees, through the combination of life story and a method called “ethnography of thought”.

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Moroccan fathers’ involvement in childcare: the case of dual-employed parents.
by MERYEM ROSTOM

In the past, fathers’ lack of involvement in their children’s life was practically unquestioned. However, with mothers’ participation in the paid labour and the ensuing rise of the dual-earner family over the course of the last few decades, interest has moved to whether and how this change has affected parents’ childcare responsibilities. In this article, we examine data from a sample of 30 dual-employed Moroccan couples with dependent school- aged children to investigate the degree of fathers’ involvement in nine routine childcare-related activities. Findings of the study support previous research showing that while men have largely increased the time they spend with their children, their involvement remains mainly in educational and recreational activities.

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Influence of mothers’ Obesity, Hypertension and Morbidity on Infant and Child Mortality among the Zou of Manipur, North East India
by GIN KHAN KHUAL and D. K. LIMBU

The present study was conducted to find out the influence of obesity, hypertension and morbidity of the mothers on infant and child mortality among the Zou, a tribal population of Manipur state. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 533 mothers of age 17- 49 years following house to house visits. The finding shows that BMI is negatively associated with infant and child mortality. There is a positive correlation with rising Blood Pressure categories. Although the magnitude of the correlation differed, there was a significant positive correlation with a higher frequency of major/chronic morbidity and the type of morbidity of the mothers. The present finding shows that undernutrition and the frequency, prevalence of morbidity of the mothers are the main influential factors of infant and child mortality in the study population. The considerable prevalence of underfed mothers indirectly highlighted their socio-economic status leading to poor health condition of the mother which indirectly may affects the development of a child from the initial stage of conception.

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The prevalence of under-nutrition among the tribal children in India.
by UPOSOMA DEY and SAMIRAN BISAI

Tribal population of India constitutes 8.6% of the total population. They traditionally lead diverse life style and their way of life is indigenous. They are more susceptible to undernutrition which is recognized as a prevalent health problem mainly because of their uncertainty of food supply, which has serious long term consequences for the child and adversely influences the development of the nation. The assessment of nutritional status is paramount importance because it impels to identify malnutrition which is a potential cause and or an aggravation of morbidity and mortality. This review was aimed to find out the overall nutritional status of tribal preschool children. It also seek the major socio-cultural causes which influence the nutritional status from bio-cultural perspectives form of existing literature among the tribal children in India in order to make foundation of new research. In the present review, 40 papers on nutritional status of tribal pre- school children published from January 1st 2000 to till date, have been identified and included for analysis. To analyze the data Meta analysis was done using MedCalc software. The Meta analysis revealed the average rate of prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among the preschool tribal children of India was 39.25%; 39.67% and 19.54%. Among the 40 different studies these rates vary among the different tribal groups of different States associated with their socio-economic status (10%), their cultures of food consumption (10%), maternal education (15%), child feeding practices (20%), dietary deficit during pregnancy (25%) and poor nutrition of the child (52%). Prevalence rate of under-nutrition and stunting is relatively high in comparison to WHO in India whereas, rate of wasting was lower in comparison to National level which reflect that immediate nutritional status was poor but chronic deficiency of nutrition was less. Nutritional education and short term appropriately planned nutritional intervention programs may also be useful for enhancing their nutritional status.

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Reviews-Recensioni: Francesco Spagna – Il nostro quartiere profuma di spezie
by VALENTINA PUATO

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Reviews-Recensioni: Franco Viviani – Antropologia sentimentale
by SANDRA BUSATTA

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