Online Journal of Anthropology

 

volume 12, number 2, 2016

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Medea come Anti-Atena nel contesto della Guerra del Peloponneso
by SANDRA BUSATTA

The myth, like war, is a continuation of politics by other means. Athenian thinkers, including Euripides, saw Medea as the representative of both Corinthian Dorians and the womb’s power threatening Athena, as the representative of Athenian (asexual) autochtonous ideal. The liminal and chthonic characteristics of Corinthian Medea were used to turn her into a witch and an Erynis. Similarly to Thucydides, Euripides shows the conflict between moderation (Athens) and excess (Corinth), rationality (Athens) and passion / thumos (Corinth). Medea, whose metis is Corinth’s main identity trait, was opposed as unfair to Athena’s politically correct metis, not only by the tragedians, but also by pottery artists in the years of the Peloponnesian War. Yet, Medea was protected by Themis and Zeus, and Athens’ future was insecure at best.

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Beyond monogamy. HotWife e le nuove vie della famiglia
by MARCO MENICOCCI

The wife-centered family is one of the emerging phenomena of our generation: a nucleus where, while the husband is unequivocally bound to be sexually faithful to his wife she can instead enjoy her broad-minded sexual freedom, often under suggestion and initiative of her own husband. Husbands often find themselves offering justifications on this based on a physiological matter: they wouldn’t be able to fully sexually satisfy their wives and therefore, for love sake, they are willing to accept the marginal role that follows, enjoying what becomes a vicarious, voyeuristic pleasure. While hotwives can keep both a solid marriage and a care-free sexual freedom, husbands are now the ones giving up their manhood and masculine role within the relationship. Men end up enjoying the lack of responsibility and the sexual disempowerment consequent to their renounce.

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New studies on human skeletal remains from the ancient Herdonia (southeast Italy). Evidences of tuberculosis and brucellosis:
two diseases connected with farm animals

by CINZIA SCAGGION. NICOLA CARRARA

In Spring of 2015 the collections of the Museum of Anthropology, University of Padua, have been transferred in a single location – Palazzo Cavalli – after many decades of alternate events. Here it is intended to reach a rapid conclusion of the cataloguing, studying and valorisation of the entire osteoarchaeological collection. The copious collection (currently it is esteemed that its numerical consistency is around thirty thousand finds) has an undeniable scientific value and it is largely unknown.The finds come from archaeological excavations, different in chronology and geographic sites. The project started with the systematic cataloguing, in order to evaluate the antiquity, the origin of the human osteological finds and re-examine them with the current anthropological methodologies.This paper reports the study of the human skeletal remains found
during the archaeological campaigns carried out in 1978 and 1981 at Herdonia (southeast Italy) and reveals new unexpected palaeopathological evidences.

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Interaction and communication abilities in a multicultural crew simulating living and working habits at Mars Desert Research Station
by CAROLE TAFFORIN, FRANCISCO GINER ABATI

Future interplanetary crewmembers will be micro-societies like autonomous and auto-organized systems far from the Earth. They will have to live and work together in small habitat units as it is simulated at Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah, USA. Missions become longer and the multi-national heterogeneity of the crews becomes new characteristics to emphasize. The purpose of this study is to combine ethological and anthropological methods for quantitative and qualitative descriptions of the crew’s non-verbal and verbal behavior during a 15-day period, characterized by a multicultural background (French, Danish, Australian and American). The results show
global high occurrences of visual interactions compared to both facial, body and object interactions. Differences of language skill have an impact on communication abilities. Subjects using no-native languages compensate with interaction abilities. With the evolving of common working and living habits, some will actively interact, others will actively communicate and the whole will be involved in dynamic process of adaptation with cultural diversity as salutogenic factor.

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Anthropometric and Body Composition Differences among Rural and Urban Ao Naga Tribes: Correlation between
Hypertension, Haemoglobin and Obesity.

by TEMSUTOLA MAKEN, L. ROBERT VARTE

Urbanization, shifts in diet, and activity patterns can increase obesity and its associated diseases. Rural Ao Nagas increasing urban migration resulted in changes in body composition variables leading to higher WSR, overweight and obesity as well as anthropometric variables like age, %BF, BFMI, WSR and WHR impacting on systolic blood pressure.

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Parents’ Attitude toward Girls’ Education at Primary Level: A Case Study of Bogra District in Bangladesh
by DALI RANI SUTRADAHR, Md. ELIAS HOSSAIN, PhD

Girls’ education is an imperative factor for enhancing their socio-economic status in a society. It has been recognized as a necessary prerequisite to a sustainable social development. Using descriptive research methodology, this research is aimed at exploring the influence of parents’ attitudes toward girls’ education in rural Bangladesh. Findings revealed that traditional norms, in many ways, hindered female educational accomplishment at the primary level. It was also revealed that male dominated societal norms, religious misinterpretation and low awareness levels limit female education. As a policy initiative, pursuing gender awareness programs addressing parents’ attitudes toward girls would result in positive changes in this regard.

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Family Socio-Economic Status Associated with Hygienic Practices among the Adolescents: A Case from Rural Bangladesh
by RIPON KUMAR SARKAR, Md. ZAKIUL HASSAN

Hygienic practices in daily life play a significant role in preventing the spread of different infectious diseases, but for most hygienic behaviors appropriate water and sanitation facilities are needed. Evidence revealed inadequate and unsafe water, poor sanitation, and unsafe hygienic practices are main causes of the diarrhea, which results 50 out of thousand under- 5 child deaths in Bangladesh, as well as of many other diseases, but for the majority of the population including the adolescents the causes of ill health are not covered satisfactorily. In this paper, we explore the significant family socio-economic factors associated with hygienic practices among the adolescents currently attending educational institutions in rural Bangladesh.

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Recensioni: Franco Viviani. In prima persona. Orientamento sessuale e contesto sociale: una lettura in chiave narrativa
by SANDRA BUSATTA

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